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Implant coatings: New modalities for increased osseointegration

Review article
Authors A. Wennerberg
K. Bougas
B. Jimbo
Tomas Albrektsson
Published in American Journal of Dentistry
Volume 26
Issue 2
Pages 105-112
ISSN 0894-8275
Publication year 2013
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Biomaterials
Pages 105-112
Language en
Links http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Keywords Coated Materials, Biocompatible, Dental Implants, Humans, Osseointegration, Proteins, metabolism
Subject categories Biomaterials

Abstract

Purpose: To present new techniques for implant coatings, biological tissue response to them, and, if applicable, clinical outcome. Methods: A search for publications was done in PubMed using search words such as coated dental implants, clinical outcome, dental implant coatings and combinations thereof. Further, a manual search was done. 216 papers were found; the selection was directed towards in vivo investigations. Results: Several different coatings are described in the literature, many of them with the purpose to be bioactive. Such surface coatings include hydroxyapatite, bioglass, proteins, polysaccharides and drugs. The majority of the publications are evaluations in vitro; most of the in vivo studies are directed to implant incorporation in bone. Rather few exist that use a coat to promote soft tissue adhesion or prevention of infection.

Page Manager: Webmaster|Last update: 9/11/2012
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