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Survival outcome depending on different treatment strategies in advanced stages III and IV laryngeal cancers: an audit of data from two European centres.

Journal article
Authors Therese Karlsson
Mohammed Al-Azzawe
Luaay Aziz
David Hurman
Caterina Finizia
Published in European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume 271
Issue 3
Pages 547-554
ISSN 1434-4726
Publication year 2014
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Otorhinolaryngology
Pages 547-554
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-013-2657-...
Keywords Laryngeal neoplasm, Radiotherapy, Laryngectomy, Survival, Advanced disease
Subject categories Otorhinolaryngology

Abstract

In light of continued uncertainty regarding efficacy of treatment of Stages III and IV laryngeal tumours, this study aims to evaluate organ-preservation strategies, comprising radiotherapy and chemoradiotherapy versus surgical treatment (laryngectomy ± adjuvant treatment) by encompassing the long-established practice at two internationally acclaimed tertiary centres not previously presented in published literature. Retrospective review was conducted of non-randomised prospectively maintained Stages III and IV disease patient databases at two tertiary centres: Sahlgrenska University Hospital (SU) in Gothenburg, Sweden, and Aberdeen Royal Infirmary (ARI) in Aberdeen, Scotland. Primary outcome measures included 3-year overall, disease-specific survival and local control depending on treatment. A total of 176 patients were identified. Sixty-five patients (37 %) presented with Stage III tumours, of which 51 patients received organ-preserving treatment and 14 underwent total laryngectomy. The corresponding figures for the 111 patients (63 %) presenting with Stage IV disease were 42 and 69. Three-year overall and disease-specific survival for Stage III was 58 and 73 %, respectively. The corresponding figures for Stage IV disease were 42 and 53 %. The choice of treatment did not appear to significantly influence survival for Stage III (p = 0.56) or IV (p = 0.93) disease. The choice of treatment, whether organ preservation or surgery, does not seem to significantly influence the overall or disease-specific survival. Therefore, other factors such as quality of life and voice and efficacy of salvage treatments are perhaps more likely to indicate the preferred treatment options, but larger randomised trials are needed.

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