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Simultaneous or Delayed Placement of Surface Modified and Fluoridated Dental Implants into Autogenous Block Bone Grafts: A Histologic and Biomechanical Study in the Rabbit.

Journal article
Authors Amir Dasmah
Carl Rasmusson
Andreas Thor
Lars Rasmusson
Published in Clinical implant dentistry and related research
Volume 17
Issue 2
Pages 395-401
ISSN 1708-8208
Publication year 2015
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 395-401
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/cid.12095
Subject categories Dentistry

Abstract

BACKGROUND: A delayed approach is recommended for reconstruction of the jaws with autogenous bone grafts and dental implants. Experimental studies have shown stronger bone tissue responses to surface modified implants than to nonmodified ones. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate bone integration and stability of surface modified and fluoridated implants when placed with fresh or healed autogenous bone grafts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six rabbits were used in this study. Each right rabbit tibia (control) received an autogenous bone graft, harvested from the calvarium. Eight weeks later, a second graft was harvested from the other side of the calvarium and placed on the left tibia (test) with an implant. Another implant was installed in the healed graft of the right tibia. TiO2 -blasted and fluoridated OsseoSpeed(TM) implants (Astra Tech AB, Mölndal, Sweden), 3.5 mm in diameter and 9 mm long, were used. After additional 8 weeks, the rabbits were sacrificed and the implants were removed en bloc for light-microscopic analysis. Bone-to-implant contact (BIC) was registered as well as the amount of bone filling a rectangle indicating a region of interest (ROI). Resonance frequency analysis (RFA) was conducted both at the time of surgery and at the end of the experiment. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences either in BIC or ROI between the test and control sides. RFA showed higher implant stability for the control side at the time of the surgery, but the difference had leveled out at the time of the sacrifice. CONCLUSION: The present study showed similar bone tissue responses and stability for surface modified and fluoridated implants after 8 weeks of healing in fresh or healed autogenous bone grafts.

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