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Surface Transformations and Water Uptake on Liquid and Solid Butanol near the Melting Temperature

Journal article
Authors Panos Papagiannakopoulos
Xiangrui Kong
Erik S Thomson
Nikola Markovic
Jan B. C. Pettersson
Published in Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume 117
Issue 13
Pages 6678-6685
ISSN 1932-7447
Publication year 2013
Published at Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology
Pages 6678-6685
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp4003627
Subject categories Surfaces and interfaces, Surface and colloid chemistry, Materials Chemistry

Abstract

Water interactions with organic surfaces are of central importance in biological systems and many Earth system processes. Here we describe experimental studies of water collisions and uptake kinetics on liquid and solid butanol from 160 to 200 K. Hyperthermal D2O molecules (0.32 eV) undergo efficient trapping on both solid and liquid butanol, and only a minor fraction scatters inelastically after an 80% loss of kinetic energy to surface modes. Trapped molecules either desorb within a few ms, or are taken up by the butanol phase during longer times. The water uptake and surface residence time increase with temperature above 180 K indicating melting of the butanol surface 4.5 K below the bulk melting temperature. Water uptake changes gradually across the melting point and trapped molecules are rapidly lost by diffusion into the liquid above 190 K. This indicates that liquid butanol maintains a surface phase with limited water permeability up to 5.5 K above the melting point. These surface observations are indicative of an incremental change from solid to liquid butanol over a range of 10 K straddling the bulk melting temperature, in contrast to the behavior of bulk butanol and previously studied materials.

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