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Quantitative neurosensory findings, symptoms and signs in young vibration exposed workers.

Journal article
Authors Lars Gerhardsson
Lage Burstrom
Mats Hagberg
Ronnie Lundstrom
Tohr Nilsson
Published in Journal of occupational medicine and toxicology (London, England)
Volume 8
Issue 1
Pages 8
ISSN 1745-6673
Publication year 2013
Published at Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
Pages 8
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1186/1745-6673-8-8
https://gup.ub.gu.se/file/98496
Keywords Vibration exposure, Neurophysiologic effects, Vibrotactile thresholds, Monofilament test
Subject categories Health Sciences

Abstract

Abstract Background: Long-term exposure to hand-held vibrating tools may cause the hand arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) including vibration induced white fingers and sensorineural symptoms. The aim was to study early neurosensory effects by quantitative vibrotactile and monofilament tests in young workers with hand-held vibration exposure. Methods: This cross-sectional study consisted of 142 young, male machine shop and construction workers with hand-held exposure to vibrating tools. They were compared with 41 non-vibration exposed subjects of the same age-group. All participants passed a structured interview, answered several questionnaires and had a physical examination including the determination of vibrotactile perception thresholds (VPTs) at two frequencies (31.5 and 125 Hz) and Semmes Weinstein ’ s Monofilament test. Results: In the vibration exposed group 8% of the workers reported episodes of tingling sensations and 10% numbness in their fingers. Approximately 5 – 10% of the exposed population displayed abnormal results on monofilament tests. The vibrotactile testing showed significantly increased VPTs for 125 Hz in dig II bilaterally (right hand, p = 0.01; left hand, p = 0.024) in the vibration exposed group. A multiple regression analysis (VPT - dependent variable; age, height, examiner and five different vibration dose calculations – predictor variables) in dig II bilaterally showed rather low R 2 -values. None of the explanatory variables including five separately calculated vibration doses were included in the models, neither for the total vibration exposed group, nor for the highest exposed quartile. A logistic multiple regression analysis (result of monofilament testing - dependent variable; age, height, examiner and five vibration dose calculations – predictor variables) of the results of monofilament testing in dig II bilaterally gave a similar outcome. None of the independent variables including five calculated vibration doses were included in the models neither for the total exposed group nor for the highest exposed quartile. Conclusion: In spite of the fairly short vibration exposure, a tendency to raised VPTs as well as pathologic monofilament test results was observed. Thus, early neurophysiologic symptoms and signs of vibration exposure may appear after short-term exposure also in young workers.

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