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Horizontal and vertical resource dilemmas in natural resource management: the case of African fisheries

Journal article
Authors Martin Sjöstedt
Published in Fish and Fisheries
Volume 14
Issue 4
Pages 616–624
ISSN 1467-2960
Publication year 2013
Published at Department of Political Science
Pages 616–624
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-2979.2012...
Keywords Fisheries, institutions, natural resource management, sub-Saharan Africa
Subject categories Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use, Political Science, Public Administration Studies, Globalization Studies

Abstract

Abstract The world’s fisheries are under severe pressure. Yet, according to the marine trophic index, the health and stability of marine ecosystems vary greatly across countries. The argument developed and tested in this article holds that some of the sources of this variation can potentially be derived from differences in the character of two fundamental relationships in society – a horizontal one between resource users and a vertical relationship between the government and the resource users. The empirical analysis focuses on sub-Saharan Africa and finds that levels of ethnic and linguistic heterogeneity and levels of democracy in the year that each country declared its exclusive economic zone have a close relationship with ensuing marine exploitation patterns.

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