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Effects of rent dependency on quality of government

Journal article
Authors Mette Anthonsen
Åsa Löfgren
K. Nilsson
Joakim Westerlund
Published in Economics of Governance
Volume 13
Issue 2
Pages 145-168
ISSN 1435-6104
Publication year 2012
Published at Graduate School (School of Business Economics and Law)
Department of Economics
Pages 145-168
Language en
Keywords Rent dependency, Corruption, Bureaucratic quality, Legal impartiality, Oil, Gas, developing-countries, resource wealth, corruption, representation, institutions, governance, survival, africa, world, curse, S, 2008, International country risk guide, otection of its natural resource sector, p1
Subject categories Economics and Business


This paper introduces quality of government rather than regime type as dependent variable in studies of political effects of natural resources. It consists of two parts. First, it argues for an effect of fiscal dependency of oil and gas rents on quality of government. Second, it finds significant, negative effects of oil and gas rent dependency on three empirical indicators of quality of government-low corruption, bureaucratic quality and legal impartiality-in a sample of 139 states in the period 1984-2006. The results hold for inclusion of control variables such as regime type, income, region and religion.

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