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Different thresholds of tissue-specific dose-responses to growth hormone in short prepubertal children

Journal article
Authors Ralph Decker
Anders Nygren
Berit Kriström
Andreas F. M. Nierop
Jan Gustafsson
Kerstin Albertsson-Wikland
Jovanna Dahlgren
Published in BMC Endocrine Disorders
Volume 12
Issue 1
Pages 26
ISSN 1472-6823
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages 26
Language en
Keywords Thresholds, dose-response, metabolic effetcs, body composition, leas soft tissue, leptin, insulin, IGF-I, growth
Subject categories Pediatrics


Background In addition to stimulating linear growth in children, growth hormone (GH) influences metabolism and body composition. These effects should be considered when individualizing GH treatment as dose-dependent changes in metabolic markers have been reported. Hypothesis: There are different dose-dependent thresholds for metabolic effects in response to GH treatment. Method A randomized, prospective, multicentre trial TRN 98-0198-003 was performed for a 2-year catch-up growth period, with two treatment regimens (a) individualized GH dose including six different dose groups ranging from 17--100 mug/kg/day (n=87) and (b) fixed GH dose of 43 mug/kg/day (n=41). The individualized GH dose group was used for finding dose--response effects, where the effective GH dose (ED 50%) required to achieve 50% Delta effect was calculated with piecewise linear regressions. Results Different thresholds for the GH dose were found for the metabolic effects. The GH dose to achieve half of a given effect (ED 50%, with 90% confidence interval) was calculated as 33(+/-24.4) mug/kg/day for [increment] left ventricular diastolic diameter (cm), 39(+/-24.5) mug/kg/day for [increment] alkaline phosphatase (mukat/L), 47(+/-43.5) mug/kg/day for [increment] lean soft tissue (SDS), 48(+/-35.7) mug/kg/day for [increment] insulin (mU/L), 51(+/-47.6) mug/kg/day for [increment] height (SDS), and 57(+/-52.7) mug/kg/day for [increment] insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) SDS. Even though lipolysis was seen in all subjects, there was no dose--response effect for Delta fat mass (SDS) or Delta leptin ng/ml in the dose range studied. None of the metabolic effects presented here were related to the dose selection procedure in the trial. Conclusions Dose-dependent thresholds were observed for different GH effects, with cardiac tissue being the most responsive and level of IGF-I the least responsive. The level of insulin was more responsive than that of IGF-I, with the threshold effect for height in the interval between.

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