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COMPARE analysis of the toxicity of an iminoquinone derivative of the imidazo[5,4-f]benzimidazoles with NAD(P)H:quinone Oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) activity and computational docking of quinones as NQO1 substrates

Journal article
Authors V. Fagan
S. Bonham
M.P. Carty
P. Saenz-Mendez
Leif A Eriksson
F. Aldabbagh
Published in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Volume 20
Issue 10
Pages 3223-3232
ISSN 0968-0896
Publication year 2012
Published at Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology
Pages 3223-3232
Language en
Subject categories Organic Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, Toxicology, Chemical Sciences, Physical Chemistry, Biophysical chemistry


Synthesis and cytotoxicity of imidazo[5,4-f]benzimidazolequinones and iminoquinone derivatives is described, enabling structure-activity relationships to be obtained. The most promising compound (an iminoquinone derivative) has undergone National Cancer Institute (NCI) 60 cell line (single and five dose) screening, and using the NCI COMPARE program, has shown correlation to NQO1 activity and to other NQO1 substrates. Common structural features suggest that the iminoquinone moiety is significant with regard to NQO1 specificity. Computational docking into the active site of NQO1 was performed, and the first comprehensive mitomycin C (MMC)-NQO1 docking study is presented. Small distances for hydride reduction and high binding affinities are characteristic of MMC and of iminoquinones showing correlations with NQO1 via COMPARE analysis. Docking also indicated that the presence of a substituent capable of hydrogen bonding to the His194 residue is important in influencing the orientation of the substrate in the NQO1 active site, leading to more efficient reduction. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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