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Strongly exchange coupled inverse ferrimagnetic soft/hard, MnxFe3-xO4/FexMn3-xO4, core/shell heterostructured nanoparticles

Journal article
Authors A. Lopez-Ortega
M. Estrader
G. Salazar-Alvarez
S. Estrade
I. V. Golosovsky
Randy K. Dumas
D. J. Keavney
M. Vasilakaki
K. N. Trohidou
J. Sort
F. Peiro
S. Surinach
M. D. Baro
J. Nogues
Published in Nanoscale
Volume 4
Issue 16
Pages 5138-5147
ISSN 2040-3364
Publication year 2012
Published at Department of Physics (GU)
Pages 5138-5147
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2nr30986f
Keywords magnetic-properties, iron-oxide, nanocomposite magnets, powder, diffraction, fept nanoparticles, chemical-synthesis, mno nanoparticles, spring magnets, anisotropy, bias
Subject categories Nano Technology, Physical Sciences

Abstract

Inverted soft/hard, in contrast to conventional hard/soft, bi-magnetic core/shell nanoparticles of MnxFe3-xO4/FexMn3-xO4 with two different core sizes (7.5 and 11.5 nm) and fixed shell thickness (similar to 0.6 nm) have been synthesized. The structural characterization suggests that the particles have an interface with a graded composition. The magnetic characterization confirms the inverted soft/hard structure and evidences a strong exchange coupling between the core and the shell. Moreover, larger soft core sizes exhibit smaller coercivities and loop shifts, but larger blocking temperatures, as expected from spring-magnet or graded anisotropy structures. The results indicate that, similar to thin film systems, the magnetic properties of soft/hard core/shell nanoparticles can be fine tuned to match specific applications.

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