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Legacies of pre-industrial land use can bias modern tree-ring climate calibrations

Journal article
Authors BE Gunnarson
T Josefsson
Hans W. Linderholm
L Östlund
Published in Climate Research
Volume 53
Issue 1
Pages 63-76
ISSN 0936-577X
Publication year 2012
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 63-76
Language en
Links www.int-res.com.ezproxy.ub.gu.se/ar...
Subject categories Climate Research

Abstract

In Scandinavia, dendrochronological reconstructions of past climate have mostly been based on tree-ring data from forests in which there has been, supposedly, very little or no human impact. However, human land use in sub-alpine forests has a substantially longer history and more profound effects on the forest ecosystems than previously acknowledged. Therefore, to assess human influence on tree-ring patterns over the last 500 yr, we have analyzed tree-ring patterns using trees from 2 abandoned Sami settlements and a reference site with no human impact— all situated in the Tjeggelvas Nature Reserve in north-west Sweden. The hypothesis was that landuse legacies have affected tree-ring patterns, and in turn, the resulting palaeoclimate in ferences that have been made from these patterns. Our results show that climate signals are strongest at the reference site and weakest at one of the settlement sites. From the 1940s to the present, tree growth at this settlement site has been significantly lower than at the reference site. Lower tree growth at old settlements may have resulted from rapid changes in the traditional land use, or following the abrupt change when the settlements were abandoned. Without site-specific know - ledge of past land use, there is a high risk of accidently sampling trees that have been affected by human-induced disturbances in the past. This may create bias in the climate signals inferred from such trees, and hence bias the outcome of climate reconstructions. We therefore recommend sampling several separate sites in study areas to improve the robustness of inferences.

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