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SAF-A Forms a Complex with BRG1 and Both Components Are Required for RNA Polymerase II Mediated Transcription

Journal article
Authors Dzeneta Vizlin-Hodzic
Rikard Runnberg
Jessica Ryme
Stina Simonsson
Tomas Simonsson
Published in PLOS ONE
Volume 6
Issue 12
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication year 2011
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.002...
Subject categories Cell biology

Abstract

Background: Scaffold attachment factor A (SAF-A) participates in the regulation of gene expression by organizing chromatin into transcriptionally active domains and by interacting directly with RNA polymerase II. Methodology: Here we use co-localization, co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP) and in situ proximity ligation assay (PLA) to identify Brahma Related Gene 1 (BRG1), the ATP-driven motor of the human SWI-SNF chromatin remodeling complex, as another SAF-A interaction partner in mouse embryonic stem (mES) cells. We also employ RNA interference to investigate functional aspects of the SAF-A/BRG1 interaction. Principal Findings: We find that endogenous SAF-A protein interacts with endogenous BRG1 protein in mES cells, and that the interaction does not solely depend on the presence of mRNA. Moreover the interaction remains intact when cells are induced to differentiate. Functional analyses reveal that dual depletion of SAF-A and BRG1 abolishes global transcription by RNA polymerase II, while the nucleolar RNA polymerase I transcription machinery remains unaffected. Conclusions: We demonstrate that SAF-A interacts with BRG1 and that both components are required for RNA Polymerase II Mediated Transcription.

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