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Tolerization of diabetogenic CD4+T cells by intranasal treatment with CTA1R7K-DD containing specific peptide through the induction of FoxP3+Treg cells

Poster
Authors Susanna Cardell
Linda Fahlén-Yrlid
Linda Mark
Linda Löfbom
Nils Y Lycke
Published in Journal of Immunology
Volume 188
ISSN 0022-1767
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Language en
Links www.jimmunol.org/cgi/content/meetin...
Subject categories Endocrinology and Diabetes

Abstract

Type I diabetes (T1D) results from immune destruction of insulin producing β-cells in the pancreas islets. Diabetogenic CD4+ T cells are key cells in the autoimmune process. To achieve tolerization of diabetogenic CD4+ T cells would therefore be an important advancement in the development of treatments of T1D. We previously described that a mutated (R7K), enzyme killed, form of the cholera toxin A1 subunit based adjuvant CTA1-DD induces specific tolerance rather than enhancement of immunity. Intranasal (i n) treatment with CTA1R7K-DD containing a type II collagen peptide reduced in vitro recall responses to the peptide, and moreover, ameliorated collagen induced arthritis in mice. Here, we use CTA1R7K-DD to investigate tolerization of diabetogenic CD4+ T cells of the non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse, exploring diabetogenic TCR transgenic BDC2.5 CD4+ T cells. I n treatment of BDC2.5 NOD mice with CTA1R7K-DD containing a peptide specific for the BDC2.5 TCR reduced proliferation and IFN-{gamma} production to in vitro peptide stimulation. Transfer of CD4+ BDC2.5 T cells to NOD.scid mice results in T1D development in 80-100% of recipient mice. In contrast, recipients of cells from BDC2.5 NOD mice treated with the CTA1R7K-DD peptide construct remained healthy. The i n treatment resulted in systemic increase in the frequency of CD4+ BDC2.5 transgenic T cells expressing FoxP3, suggesting that CTA1R7K-peptide-DD induces specific CD4+ Treg cells preventing T1D development.

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