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Correlation of Platelet Growth Factor Release in Jawbone Defect Repair - A Study in the Dog Mandible.

Journal article
Authors Andreas Thor
Jaan Hong
Göran Kjeller
Lars Sennerby
Lars Rasmusson
Published in Clinical implant dentistry and related research
Volume 15
Issue 5
Pages 759-768
ISSN 1708-8208
Publication year 2013
Published at Institute of Odontology
Pages 759-768
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1708-8208.2011...
Keywords bone formation, dental implants, experimental study, growth factors, platelet-rich plasma
Subject categories Biomaterials

Abstract

Background: Platelet concentrate/platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has been studied extensively in various experimental models and there is some agreement among workers to its early effect in bone regeneration and healing. We have earlier showed in vitro that titanium in whole blood activates the thrombogenic response to a higher degree than PRP and that a fluoridated test surface augmented the effect compared with control. Purpose: We designed this study to evaluate the effect of PRP and whole blood on bone regeneration in a dog implant defect model and, in addition, the effect of a test surface modified in hydrofluoric acid. A correlation attempt between platelet count, release of growth factors, and bone regeneration was made. Materials and Methods: Six dogs were used and simultaneously with the experimental surgery and implant installation, autologous PRP was prepared. Defects were prepared (6 mm in diameter and 5 mm deep), and implants were installed (TiO(2) gritblasted and hydrofluoric acid treated [test] or TiO(2) gritblasted [control], 5 mm in diameter and 9 mm long) in defects filled with either PRP or whole blood. Randomization of sides between PRP and whole blood, and sites for test and control implants were made. Blood samples were collected from PRP and whole blood. The dogs were killed after 5 weeks of healing, and samples with implants and surrounding bone were collected and processed for analysis. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays were used for detection of growth factors in PRP. Results: The mean increase of platelet count was 424% in PRP. A correlation for platelet counts and transforming growth factor β was found in each dog (r(2)  = 0.857). Approximately 50% of the region of interest (ROI) in the defects was filled with new bone after 5 weeks. No difference could be observed in ROI by using PRP or whole blood in the defects regarding new bone formation, bone in contact with implant, or distance to first bone contact. However, the fluoridated implants exhibited more new bone formation (p = .03) compared with control, regardless of comparing PRP or whole blood, and also displayed a shorter distance from first bone contact to the margin of the bone envelope (p = .05). Conclusions: Platelet concentrate/PRP failed to show more new bone regeneration in a peri-implant defect model compared with whole blood. Implants treated with hydrofluoric acid displayed higher percentages of bone fill in the defect.

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