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Identification of novel biomarkers in seasonal allergic rhinitis by combining proteomic, multivariate and pathway analysis

Journal article
Authors Hui Wang
Johan Gottfries
Fredrik Barrenäs
Mikael Benson
Published in Plos ONE
Volume 6
Issue 8
Pages e23563
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication year 2011
Published at Department of Chemistry
Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Pediatrics
Pages e23563
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.002...
Subject categories Allergology

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids (GCs) play a key role in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR). However, some patients show a low response to GC treatment. We hypothesized that proteins that correlated to discrimination between symptomatic high and low responders (HR and LR) to GC treatment might be regulated by GCs and therefore suitable as biomarkers for GC treatment. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We identified 953 nasal fluid proteins in symptomatic HR and LR with a LC MS/MS based-quantitative proteomics analysis and performed multivariate analysis to identify a combination of proteins that best separated symptomatic HR and LR. Pathway analysis showed that those proteins were most enriched in the acute phase response pathway. We prioritized candidate biomarkers for GC treatment based on the multivariate and pathway analysis. Next, we tested if those candidate biomarkers differed before and after GC treatment in nasal fluids from 40 patients with SAR using ELISA. Several proteins including ORM (P<0.0001), APOH (P<0.0001), FGA (P<0.01), CTSD (P<0.05) and SERPINB3 (P<0.05) differed significantly before and after GC treatment. Particularly, ORM (P<0.01), FGA (P<0.05) and APOH (P<0.01) that belonged to the acute phase response pathway decreased significantly in HR but not LR before and after GC treatment. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: We identified several novel biomarkers for GC treatment response in SAR with combined proteomics, multivariate and pathway analysis. The analytical principles may be generally applicable to identify biomarkers in clinical studies of complex diseases.

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