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A qualitative study of final-year medical students' perspectives of general practitioners' competencies

Journal article
Authors Björn Landström
Bengt Mattsson
Carl Edvard Rudebeck
Published in International Journal of Medical Education
Volume 2
Pages 102-109
ISSN 2042-6372
Publication year 2011
Published at Institute of Medicine
Pages 102-109
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.5116/ijme.4e79.b49a
Keywords general practice, student, education
Subject categories Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Abstract

Abstract Objectives To investigate final-year medical students' perspectives of general practitioners' competencies. A further aim of the study was to investigate which type of clinical problems is properly managed by GPs according to students. Methods We conducted a qualitative study of 49 final year medical students from two programmes. Reflective writing statements were used to collect data. Qualitative content analysis was employed to analyse data. Results Three themes were identified to explain the conditions of a general practitioner (GP). They are: 'prerequisites', 'patients´ problems' and 'competence and clinical judgment' which reflect the specific features of primary care, presentation of symptoms by patient and the way that GPs approach an actual encounter. Conclusions The students valued the importance of unselected patient problems, straightforwardness in contact and care as the characteristics of a competent GP. They viewed patients with different approaches and related their observations to problems of fragmentation within this large area of medical care. This is a period in the training of students in which students' views of general practice are formed.

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