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Validation of the Obesity-related Problem Scale version 3

Conference paper
Authors A Lundén
Ingrid Larsson
Helén Lantz
Kaj Stenlöf
Kristjan Karason
Published in Obesity Reviews (Poster presentations)
Volume 11
Issue Supplement s1
Pages 324
ISSN 1467-7881
Publication year 2010
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Clinical Trials and Entrepreneurship
Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine
Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Pages 324
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010...
Subject categories Endocrinology

Abstract

Introduction: The Obesity-related Problem scale (OP) is a quality of life instrument developed to measure the impact of obesity on psychosocial functioning. Subjects are asked how bothered they are by their obesity in specific social situations. A new version of the instrument (OP V3) has been developed. Eight more items were added. Also, an avoidance scale (AV) was added to each item, measuring avoidance of social activities. Thus, the OP V3 contains both a distress and an avoidance scale. The aim of the present study was to investigate the construct validity of OP V3. Methods: One eighty subjects, BMI 40.7˘ 5.3 kg/m2, completed the OP V3. The construct validity of OP V3 was studied by means of exploratory factor analyses. Internal consistency reliability, floor and ceiling effects, concurrent validity and known group validation were also examined. SF-36 was used to evaluate the concurrent validity. Results: Scale internal consistency reliability was high for both the distress and avoidance scales (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.95 for both). Floor and ceiling effects were small. Exploratory factor analyses confirmed the homogeneity and stability of the construct. Psychometric results were cross-validated and replicated in subgroups by gender, age and BMI. Multitrait-Multimethod analysis showed moderate associations between the OP V3 scales and the SF-36 scales. Correlations ranged from )0.32 to )0.58, P < 0.001. As expected, OP V3 scales were most highly correlated with Social functioning, Mental health and Vitality (r = )0.51 to )0.58, P < 0.001). Conclusions: Results confirm that OP V3 is a psychometrically valid measure of the impacts of obesity on psychosocial functioning.

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