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Achromobacter marplatensis sp. nov., isolated from a pentachlorophenol contaminated soil.

Journal article
Authors Margarita Gomila
Ludmila Tvrzová
Andrea Teshim
Ivo Sedlácek
Narjol González-Escalona
Zbynek Zdráhal
Ondrej Sedo
Jorge Froilán González
Antonio Bennasar
Edward R.B. Moore
Jorge Lalucat
Silvia E Murialdo
Published in International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Volume 61
Issue 9
Pages 2231-2237
ISSN 1466-5034
Publication year 2011
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Medicine
Pages 2231-2237
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.025304-0
Keywords Achromobacter marplatensis, Betaproteobacteria, pentachlorophenol, 16S rRNA, DNA-DNA hybridisation, cell fatty acids
Subject categories Persistent organic compounds, Molecular biology, Microbiology

Abstract

A polyphasic taxonomic approach was applied for the study of a Gram negative bacterium (B2(T)) isolated from soil by selective enrichment with pentachlorophenol. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain B2(T) showed that this strain belongs to the genus Achromobacter, within the Betaproteobacteria. The 16S rRNA gene sequence possessing more than 99% similarity to the sequences of the type strains of all species in Achromobacter, with the highest sequence similarities to those of A. spanius CCM 7183(T) and A. piechaudii CCM 2986(T) (99.8 %). On the basis of phylogenetic analysis, genomic DNA-DNA similarities and phenotypic characteristics, including chemotaxonomic (cell fatty acid profile) analysis, a novel species is proposed, Achromobacter marplatensis sp. nov., with the type strain B2(T) (= CCM 7608(T) = CCUG 56371(T) = CECT 7342(T)).

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