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Vad händer med subjektstvånget? Om det-inledda satser utan subjekt

Journal article
Authors Elisabet Engdahl
Published in Språk och stil
Volume 20
Pages 81–104
ISSN 1101-1165
Publication year 2010
Published at Department of Swedish
Pages 81–104
Language sv
Links hdl.handle.net/2077/24048
Keywords formellt subjekt, expletivt subjekt, subjektstvång, spetsställning, adjektiv med infinitivfras, svenska
Subject categories Linguistics, Swedish language

Abstract

Engdahl, Elisabet, elisabet.engdahl@svenska.gu.se, Professor, Dept. of Swedish Language, University of Gothenburg, Sweden: “What is happening to the subject requirement? On subjectless clauses introduced by det”. Språk och stil 20:81–104. Grammatical descriptions of contemporary Swedish normally state that Swedish has a strong subject requirement; finite clauses (except imperatives and conjoined clauses) must contain an overt subject. If the clause lacks a referential subject, the expletive det is inserted either in the initial, so called fundament, position or in the subject position following the main verb in a matrix clause. In this article, a new clause type is presented and analyzed. The initial det in examples like det var bra att du sa (‘it was good that you said’) at first appears to be an expletive subject, but eventually is interpreted as the missing object of the embedded clause, which means that the matrix clause has no overt subject. The new construction resembles so called tough constructions like det är lätt att säga (‘it is easy to say’), but differs in several respects; it is not restricted to adjectival complements, the complement clause is finite and the fronted object can only appear in initial position [Spec,CP], not in the postverbal subject position [Spec,IP]. So far the new construction has mainly been attested in informal spoken language but it seems to be spreading to other registers and to be used with initial elements other than det. Keywords: expletive subject, formal subject, subject requirement, topicalization, tough movement, Swedish.

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