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A Clinical and Histological Case Series Study on Calcium Sulfate for Maxillary Sinus Floor Augmentation and Delayed Placement of Dental Implants.

Journal article
Authors Amir Dasmah
Mats Hallman
Lars Sennerby
Lars Rasmusson
Published in Clinical implant dentistry and related research
Volume 14
Issue 2
Pages 259–265
ISSN 1708-8208
Publication year 2012
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Biomaterials
Pages 259–265
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1708-8208.2009...
Subject categories Biomaterials

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: Maxillary sinus floor augmentation is a procedure that is indicated in cases when the volume of the posterior maxillary bone is inadequate. The goal of this treatment is to obtain sufficient amount of bone tissue in order to gain osseointegration of endosseous implants. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to conduct a clinical and histological analysis of calcium sulfate (CaS) as bone graft substitute in sinus floor augmentation. Material and Methods: Ten patients with edentulous maxillas were included in this study. They had moderate to severe atrophy of the posterior maxilla. Surgiplaster (Classimplant(R), Rome, Italy) was used as graft material in the maxillary sinus and was covered by BioGide(R) (Geistlish Pharmaceutical, Wolhusen, Switzerland). After 4 months of graft healing, 40 dental implants were placed and a biopsy for histomorphometry was taken at these occasions. The specimens were viewed by light microscope, and the extent of bone regeneration and remaining graft material was evaluated. Radiographs were taken at the time of sinus augmentation and after 4 months of graft healing. Results: At the time of abutment surgery, one implant was considered as a failure and was consequently removed, giving a survival rate of 97.5% after 1 year of loading. Radiographs showed a mean of 26.5% shrinkage of the augmented area. A significant resorption of CaS was noted with a mean value of 8.8% of remaining graft material after 4 months of healing. The biopsies also revealed new bone formation with a mean value of 21.2% of the total biopsy area. Histology showed signs of an acellular substitution of CaS with bone-like tissue. Conclusion: The results of this study show that new bone regeneration occurs in the maxillary sinus after augmentation with CaS. This enabled successful placement, integration, and loading of dental implants in the posterior maxilla, as only 1 of 40 implants was lost during 1 year of follow-up.

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