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Adults with autism spectrum disorders and ADHD neuropsychological aspects.

Journal article
Authors Agneta Nydén
Lena Niklasson
Ola Ståhlberg
Henrik Anckarsäter
Elisabet Wentz
Maria Råstam
Christopher Gillberg
Published in Research in Developmental Disabilities
Volume 31
Issue 6
Pages 1659-1668
ISSN 0891-4222
Publication year 2010
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry
Department of Psychology
Pages 1659-1668
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2010.04.0...
Keywords Adolescent, Adult, Asperger Syndrome, Complications, Diagnosis, Psychology, Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, Complications, Diagnosis, Psychology, Autistic Disorder, Complications, Diagnosis, Psychology, Female, Humans, Intelligence Tests, Male, Memory, Long-Term, Memory, Short-Term, Neuropsychological Tests, Severity of Illness Index, Theory of Mind, Verbal Learning, Young Adult
Subject categories Child and adolescent psychiatry

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to assess which types of neuropsychological deficits appear to be most commonly associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults. The effect of the combination of ASD with ADHD (ASD/ADHD) was also studied. One hundred and sixty-one adult individuals (>/=18 years of age) were included in the study. None had full scale IQ less than 71. The neuropsychological investigations included measures of intellectual ability, learning and memory, attention/executive function and theory of mind. The three diagnostic groups showed reduced performance in most cognitive domains. However, within these domains differentiating distinct features could be seen. The dysfunctions of the ASD/ADHD group cannot be seen as a summary of the dysfunctions found in the ASD and ADHD groups. The ADHD seemed to have the most severe neuropsychological impairments of the three groups. No domain-specific deficit typical of any of the diagnostic groups was found.

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