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Luftrörsobstruktiva besvär och eksem oväntat vanligt hos svenska spädbarn. Intressanta fynd i enkätstudie om kost-och levnadsvanor hos småbarn.

Journal article
Authors Bernt Alm
Per Möllborg
Laslo Erdes
Rolf Pettersson
Nils Åberg
Gunnar Norvenius
Göran Wennergren
Published in Läkartidningen
Volume 102
Issue 7
Pages 472-4, 476
ISSN 0023-7205
Publication year 2005
Published at Institute for the Health of Women and Children, Dept of Paediatrics
Pages 472-4, 476
Language sv
Links www.lakartidningen.se/07engine.php?...
Keywords Allergens/adverse effects, Bronchial Diseases/*epidemiology/etiology/immunology, Eczema/*epidemiology/etiology/immunology, Female, *Food Habits, Humans, Hypersensitivity/epidemiology/etiology/immunology, Infant, Infant Food, *Life Style, Lung Diseases, Obstructive/*epidemiology/etiology/immunology, Male, Questionnaires, Respiratory Sounds/etiology/immunology, Sweden/epidemiology
Subject categories Dermatology and Venereal Diseases, Children

Abstract

In our questionnaire study of 599 six-month-old and 512 twelve-month-old infants born in Western Sweden, we found that parents continued to adhere to outdated primary preventive recommendations against introducing eggs and fish early in the diet. Thirty-five percent of parents had not introduced eggs and 15% of the parents had not introduced fish by the time the infant was ten months old. We could also confirm a high prevalence of wheezing. At twelve months, 17.6 % had had one or more episode of wheezing. Of the twelve-month-old infants, 4.1% had received or were being given inhaled corticosteroids. Twenty-five% had or had had eczema at twelve months. 11% had been admitted to a neonatal ward and one-half of these had then been given broad-spectrum antibiotics (5.9% of all twelve-month-old infants in the study). 37% of the households kept fur-bearing pets. We believe that the questionnaire used in this study can be a useful instrument for estimating the effects of lifestyle and environmental factors on the development of future asthma and allergy.

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