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New exposures of Baltic Ice Lake drainage sediments, Götene, Sweden

Journal article
Authors Mark D. Johnson
Ylva Ståhl
Olof Larsson
Stefan Seger
Published in GFF
Volume 132
Issue 1
Pages 1-12
ISSN 1103-5897
Publication year 2010
Published at Department of Earth Sciences
Pages 1-12
Language en
Keywords marine varve baltic ice lake drainage ice-dammed lakes
Subject categories Quaternary geology, Sedimentology


New exposures created during the construction of highway E20 near Götene, Sweden, reveal poorly sorted gravelly sand overlain and underlain by varved clay. The stratigraphy at Pellagården consists of, from the bottom up, striated gneiss, till, varved marine clay, the gravelly sand unit, and varved marine clay. The varves represent deglacial marine sediment deposited in 40–50 m deep water. The gravelly sand unit contains graded bedding, indistinct horizontal bedding, mud clasts and interstitial mud. It is poorly sorted and poorly organised. The unit has a pebble fabric indicating flow to the northwest. These characteristics and the great water depth suggest that the gravelly sand was deposited from a hyperconcentrated traction current or from concentrated to hyperconcentrated density flows. We interpret the gravelly sand bed to be sediment deposited during the Baltic Ice Lake drainage at around 10,000 14C years BP. The unit likely represents rapidly deposited sediment at the very start of the drainage and does not indicate the duration of the drainage event. The bed was deposited during a single drainage event rather than as a series of events over a few weeks or months. Based on the number of varves and regional ice retreat rates, the ice-margin was 0.2 to 5 km north of Götene at the time of the drainage. These sites represent the first reported occurrences of the drainage sediment in a stratigraphic sequence since the work of Simon Johansson (1926, 1937, and 1941).

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