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. ““Government Quality and Vertical Power Sharing in Fractionalized States”

Journal article
Authors Nicholas Charron
Published in Publius: The Journal of Federalism.
Volume 39
Issue 4
Pages 585-605
Publication year 2009
Published at Quality of Government Institute (QoG)
Department of Political Science
Pages 585-605
Language en
Keywords federalism, corruption, ethno-federalism, ethno-linguistic diversity, quality of government
Subject categories Peace and development research


Recent empirical studies have demonstrated that ethno-linguistic diversity has a negative relationship with quality of government (QoG). In response to this challenge, states have two broad options with respect to vertical power-sharing. One, they can attempt to integrate various factions by adopting a unitary, centralized constitution. Two, they can accommodate minority groups with ethno-federalism, giving them a degree of regional autonomy. Using numerous QoG indicators in a cross-sectional regression from 1995 to 2004, the data show that ethno-federalism outperforms its integrationist rival for each QoG measure employed in the analysis. While numerous other empirical studies have examined the impact of ethno-federal institutions on either civil conflict or separatism, this is the first to assess the effects of this institution on government quality relative to integrationist states.

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