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ORAL AND WRITTEN NARRATIVES IN INDIVIDUALS WITH APHASIA

Poster
Authors Ingrid Behrns
Published in Nordisk Afasikonferanse, 14-16 september, 2006, Oslo, Norway
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
Language en
Keywords Aphasia, writing, speaking, narratives
Subject categories Logopedics and phoniatrics

Abstract

The aim of both writing and speaking is to communicate but the modalities differ in several aspects. Research on single-word production is well established in the field of acquired writing difficulties. Analyses of oral and written output have also focused on the word level. The aim of the present study was to analyze how people with aphasia produce oral and written narratives. Both single-word production and text processing were focused. Eight subjects with aphasia after stroke (the A-group), and ten individuals in a reference group (the R-group) were asked to tell a free narrative, orally as well as in written form. The oral narratives were videotaped and transcribed. The written texts were examined and the process of writing was studied through key-stroke-logging, which made it possible to see what words had been changed and where pauses had been made. The distribution of pauses in the texts differed between the two groups. The A-group’s written texts had comparatively long pauses related to the revisions of difficult words. Both groups produced longer oral than written narratives (even if there were individual differences within the groups) but both groups had higher lexical density in their written compared to their oral narratives. The written narratives produced by the A-group were considerably less varied compared to the narratives in the R-group. The results can be interpreted as compensatory writing strategies and an inability of the individuals in the A-group to adapt narrative style to modality.

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