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In vitro activity of antimicrobial agents against extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing enteric bacteria isolated from urine specimens

Authors Sashka A Mihaylova
M Sredkova
V Edreva
S Pachkova
Nahid Karami
Edward R.B. Moore
Published in FEMS 2009 - 3rd Congress of European Microbiologists
Pages 136
Publication year 2009
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Medicine
Pages 136
Language en
Subject categories Microbiology in the medical area


Objectives: To apply detailed phenotypic and genotypic analyses on extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing clinical isolates. To determine in vitro activities of 14 antimicrobial agents and access these data with respect to treatment choice. Methods: One hundred strains were collected from urine samples of patients from Pleven University Hospital, Bulgaria, from January to December 2008. Patient ages: one month to 85 years. Two thirds were male. At the time of sampling, 50 patients were in Urology department, 23 were in Nephrology department, 8 were in Pediatric department, and 19 were in other departments. Double disc and Combination disc tests were applied for ESBL confirmation. ESBL-types were determined, using a multiplex PCR assay for CTX, TEX, SHV and OXA types. In vitro activities of fosfomycin, imipenem, meropenem, ertapenem, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, piperacillin/tazobactam, gentamicin, amikacin, tigecycline, colistin, nalidixic acid, nitrofurantoin, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin were determined by the disk diffusion method, according to guidelines of the CLSI. Results: All strains were confirmed to be members of the Enterobacteriaceae and to be ESBL producers. All strains were susceptible to the three carbapenems tested. Eighty-eight percent of the strains were susceptible to tigecycline, 74% were susceptible to amikacin, 64% were susceptible to piperacillin/tazobactam and 63% were susceptible to nitrofurantoin. More than 70% of the strains tested were resistant or intermediately susceptible to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, gentamicin, nalidixic acid, ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin. Conclusions: Correlation was found between phenotypic and genotypic methods for detection of ESBL-producing bacteria. Carbapenems demonstrated excellent in vitro activity against strains of ESBL-positive enteric bacteria isolated in a Bulgarian university hospital. Tigecycline, amikacin, piperacillin/tazobactam, nitrofurantoin should also be considered as treatment options.

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