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Robinsoniella peoriensis gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from a swine-manure storage pit and a human clinical source.

Journal article
Authors Michael A Cotta
Terence R Whitehead
Enevold Falsen
Edward R.B. Moore
Paul A Lawson
Published in International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
Volume 59
Issue 1
Pages 150-155
ISSN 1466-5026
Publication year 2009
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Infectious Medicine
Pages 150-155
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijs.0.65676-0
Keywords Animals, Bacterial Typing Techniques, DNA, Bacterial, analysis, DNA, Ribosomal, analysis, Genes, rRNA, Gram-Positive Bacterial Infections, microbiology, Gram-Positive Endospore-Forming Bacteria, classification, genetics, isolation & purification, metabolism, Humans, Manure, microbiology, Phenotype, Phylogeny, RNA, Ribosomal, 16S, genetics, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Species Specificity, Swine, microbiology
Subject categories Microbiology

Abstract

A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on six strains of an unknown Gram-positive, non-motile, spore-forming, short oval to rod-shaped bacterium isolated from a swine-manure storage pit. In addition to these strains, an isolate deposited in the Culture Collection of the University of Göteborg (Sweden) was found to be biochemically related to the manure strains. The major end products of metabolism included acetate and succinate but not butyrate. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequencing confirmed that all these isolates were closely related to each other and formed a hitherto unknown lineage within the clostridial rRNA XIVa cluster of organisms. On the basis of phylogenetic, biochemical and phenotypic evidence, it is proposed that the unknown bacterium represents a novel genus and species, for which the name Robinsoniella peoriensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Robinsoniella peoriensis is PPC31T (=CCUG 48729T =NRRL B-23985T).

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