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Matrix metalloproteinase-9 deficiency worsens lung injury in a model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia.

Journal article
Authors Heikki Lukkarinen
Anna Hogmalm
Urpo Lappalainen
Kristina Bry
Published in American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume 41
Issue 1
Pages 59-68
ISSN 1535-4989
Publication year 2009
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences
Pages 59-68
Language en
Keywords Newborn, Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Cell Death, Chemokine
Subject categories Pediatrics


Increased activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 is associated with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in newborn infants, but the role of MMP-9 in the pathophysiology of BPD is unclear. We have shown that perinatal expression of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) in the lung is sufficient to cause a BPD-like illness in infant mice. To study the hypothesis that MMP-9 is an important downstream mediator in IL-1 beta-induced lung injury in the newborn, we compared the effects of IL-1 beta on fetal and postnatal lung inflammation and development in transgenic mice with regulatable pulmonary overexpression of human mature IL-1 beta with wild-type (IL-1 beta/MMP-9(+/+)) or null (IL-1 beta/MMP-9(-/-)) MMP-9 loci. IL-1 beta increased the expression of MMP-9 mRNA and amount of MMP-9 protein in the lungs of MMP-9(+/+) mice. IL-1 beta/MMP-9(-/-) mice had fewer neutrophils but more macrophages in the lungs than did IL-1 beta/MMP-9(+/+) mice. MMP-9 deficiency increased pulmonary cell death and macrophage clearance of dying cells in IL-1 beta-expressing mice. IL-1 beta/MMP-9(-/-) mice had more severe alveolar hypoplasia than IL-1 beta/MMP-9(+/+) mice, implying that IL-1 beta-induced lung disease was worsened in the absence of MMP-9. These results suggest that MMP-9 activity in the inflamed neonatal lung protects the lung against injury.

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