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Care, gender and ethnicity in a Scandinavian welfare state

Conference contribution
Authors Ulla Björnberg
Published in Paper presented at ESF SCH/SCSS Exploratory Workshop: A CARING EUROPE? CARE, MIGRATION AND GENDER The Open University, Walton Hall, Milton Keynes,United Kingdom MK7 6AA, 12-13 November 2009
Publication year 2009
Published at Department of Sociology
Centre for European Research (CERGU)
Language en
Keywords care, gender, ethnicity
Subject categories Sociology


Care, gender and ethnicity in a Scandinavian welfare state The Scandinavian welfare states have strived to solve the care “problem” as a public responsibility, originally with a motive to pave the way for women to enter the labour market. Care work managed as a responsibility by the municipalities and financed through taxes and means tested fees. The last decades there has been an opening for private firms to deliver services. . In the public debates labour shortage in care work has been addressed as an increasing problem, and labour immigration has been suggested as a way to solve this problem, especially in elderly care. In general care work is primarily women’s work and it has been researched from various angels. However very little research has been undertaken about the ethnicity dimension in care work in public and private sectors. In my paper I want to address the ethnicity dimension in care within a Scandinavian welfare regime context compared with how it is dealt with in for instance other European regime types. I will draw on statistics on care work with a gender and ethnicity perspective. I will also bring into light how ethnicity and gender in combination has been dealt with in Scandinavian research and debates.

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