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Similarities and differences between practitioners of psychotherapy in Sweden

Journal article
Authors Billy Larsson
Viktor Kaldo
Anders G Broberg
Published in Journal of Psychotherapy Integration
Volume 19
Issue 1
Pages 34-66
Publication year 2009
Published at Department of Psychology
Pages 34-66
Language en
Keywords Psychotherapy, Adult, Integrative
Subject categories Social Sciences, Psychology, Applied Psychology

Abstract

This study focuses on similarities and differences between Swedish psychotherapists of four orientations: psychodynamic, cognitive, cognitive–behavioral, and integrative therapy. The aim is to describe similarities and differences regarding (a) background factors, (b) focus in psychotherapy, (c) attitudes toward psychotherapy as art/craftsmanship, (d) scientific outlook, (e) what characterizes a good psychotherapist, and (f) how psychotherapy ought to be pursued. The therapists had very similar attitudes about the therapeutic relationship and rather similar attitudes about which effects psychotherapy ought to obtain. The greatest differences were related to psychotherapeutic techniques and science. The results are discussed with emphasis on the distance or proximity between the orientations. The conclusion is that there are differences between psychodynamic psychotherapy compared with cognitive and cognitive–behavioral therapies, which imply difficulties in integrating these orientations. However, the differences between the cognitive and cognitive–behavioral therapists are not of such a magnitude that they necessarily present an obstacle to integration.

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