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High precision transponder localization using a novel electromagnetic positioning system in patients with localized prostate cancer.

Journal article
Authors Jon Kindblom
Ann-Marie Ekelund Olvenmark
Hanna Syren
Roman Iustin
Karin Braide
Ingela Frank-Lissbrant
Bo Lennernäs
Published in Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Volume 90
Issue 3
Pages 307-11
ISSN 0167-8140
Publication year 2009
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Oncology
Pages 307-11
Language en
Keywords Electromagnetic Phenomena, Humans, Male, Phantoms, Imaging, Prostatic Neoplasms, radiotherapy, Radiotherapy, Conformal, methods
Subject categories Cancer and Oncology


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Micropos 4DRT system is being developed to provide accurate, precise, objective, and continuous target localization during radiotherapy. This study involves the first in vivo use of the system, aiming to evaluate the localization accuracy of this electromagnetic positioning technique compared with radiographic localization and to assess its real-time tracking ability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An active positioning marker was inserted in the prostatic urethra of 10 patients scheduled to receive radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer. A receiving sensor plate (antennae system) was placed at a known position in the treatment tabletop. Initial in vivo system calibrations were performed in three subjects. Ten additional patients were then enrolled in a study arm that compared radiographic transponder location to radiotransponder location simultaneously acquired by the Micropos 4DRT system. Frontal and side radiographs were taken with the radiopaque transponder located at three different positions within the prostatic urethra. RESULTS: The transponder insertions were all successful and without complications. Comparison of the transponder location as per the Micropos 4DRT system with the radiographic transponder localization showed an average (+/-SD) absolute and relative 3D difference of 2.7+/-1.2 and 1.7+/-1.0mm, respectively. Continuous transponder tracking capability was also demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: Electromagnetic positioning using the Micropos transponder system is feasible in vivo. Evaluation of this novel non-ionizing localization system, in this study using a transponder positioned in the prostatic urethra, indicates transponder localization accuracy to isocenter comparable with X-ray localization of a radiopaque marker.

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