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Linked-in by FDI: The Role of Firm-Level Relationships for Knowledge Transfers in Africa and Asia

Journal article
Authors Carol Newman
John Page
John Rand
Abebe Shimeles
Måns Söderbom
Finn Tarp
Published in Journal of Development Studies
Volume 56
Issue 3
Pages 451-468
ISSN 00220388
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Economics
Pages 451-468
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1080/00220388.20...
Subject categories Economics

Abstract

© 2019, © 2019 UNU-WIDER. Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This study combines evidence from interviews in seven countries with (i) government institutions responsible for attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), (ii) 102 multinationals (MNEs), and (iii) 226 domestic firms linked to these foreign affiliates as suppliers, customers, or competitors, to identify whether relations between MNEs and domestic firms lead to direct transfers of knowledge/technology. We first document that there are relatively few linkages between MNEs and domestic firms in sub-Saharan Africa compared with Asia. However, when linkages are present in sub-Saharan Africa they raise the likelihood of direct knowledge/technology transfers from MNEs to domestic firms as compared to linked-in firms in Asia. Finally, we do not find that direct knowledge/technology transfers are more likely to occur through FDI than through trade. As such our results are not consistent with the view that tacit knowledge transfers are more likely to occur through localised linkages.

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Utskriftsdatum: 2020-08-09