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MELAS syndrome in a patient with a point mutation in MTTS1.

Journal article
Authors Christopher Lindberg
Ali-Reza Moslemi
Anders Oldfors
Published in Acta neurologica Scandinavica
Volume 117
Issue 2
Pages 128-32
ISSN 1600-0404
Publication year 2008
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation
Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Pathology
Pages 128-32
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0404.2007...
Keywords Adult, DNA Mutational Analysis, methods, Female, Humans, MELAS Syndrome, genetics, pathology, physiopathology, Point Mutation, genetics, RNA, Transfer, Ser, genetics
Subject categories Medical Genetics, Cell and Molecular Biology

Abstract

BACKGROUND, OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: We describe a female patient with a mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes syndrome. As a child, she developed epilepsy and stroke-like episodes giving cognitive impairment and ataxia but no hearing impairment. At the age of 44 years, she suffered a cerebral sinus thrombosis which was warfarin treated. One month later, she developed an episode of severe acidosis associated with encephalopathy and myelopathy. RESULTS: She was found to harbour a 7512T>C mutation in the mitochondrial encoded tRNA(Ser(UCN)) gene (MTTS1). The mutation load was 91% in muscle and 24% in blood. Enzyme histochemical analysis of the muscle tissue showed numerous cytochrome c oxidase (COX)-negative fibres. Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of single muscle fibres showed significantly higher level (median 97%, range: 94-99%) of the mutation in the COX-negative fibres compared with COX-positive fibres (median 36%, range: 12-91%), demonstrating the pathogenic effect of the mutation. Different levels of heteroplasmy (range 34-61%) were detected in hair shafts analysed by RFLP. CONCLUSION: This case adds to the spectrum of clinical presentations, i.e. sinus thrombosis, in patients having MTTS1 mutations.

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