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Influence of androgen receptor repeat polymorphisms on personality traits in men

Journal article
Authors Lars Westberg
Susanne Henningsson
Mikael Landén
Kristina Annerbrink
Jonas Melke
Staffan Nilsson
Roland Rosmond
Göran Holm
Henrik Anckarsäter
Elias Eriksson
Published in Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume 34
Issue 3
Pages 205-213
ISSN 1488-2434
Publication year 2009
Published at Department of Mathematical Sciences, Mathematical Statistics
Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Pharmacology
Pages 205-213
Language en
Links www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/P...
Subject categories Other pharmacy, Psychiatry

Abstract

Background Testosterone has been attributed importance for various aspects of behaviour. The aim of our study was to investigate the potential influence of 2 functional polymorphisms in the amino terminal of the androgen receptor on personality traits in men. Methods We assessed and genotyped 141 men born in 1944 recruited from the general population. We used 2 different instruments: the Karolinska Scales of Personality and the Temperament and Character Inventory. For replication, we similarly assessed 63 men recruited from a forensic psychiatry study group. Results In the population-recruited sample, the lengths of the androgen receptor repeats were associated with neuroticism, extraversion and self-transcendence. The association with extraversion was replicated in the independent sample. Limitations Our 2 samples differed in size; sample 1 was of moderate size and sample 2 was small. In addition, the homogeneity of sample 1 probably enhanced our ability to detect significant associations between genotype and phenotype. Conclusion Our results suggest that the repeat polymorphisms in the androgen receptor gene may influence personality traits in men.

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