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Thermodynamics of folding and binding in an affibody:affibody complex.

Journal article
Authors Jakob Dogan
Christofer Lendel
Torleif Härd
Published in Journal of molecular biology
Volume 359
Issue 5
Pages 1305-15
ISSN 0022-2836
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Pages 1305-15
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2006.04.04...
Keywords Calorimetry, Differential Scanning, Circular Dichroism, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Protein Binding, Protein Folding, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, chemistry, metabolism, Temperature, Thermodynamics
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences

Abstract

Affibody binding proteins are selected from phage-displayed libraries of variants of the 58 residue Z domain. Z(Taq) is an affibody originally selected as a binder to Taq DNA polymerase. The anti-Z(Taq) affibody was selected as a binder to Z(Taq) and the Z(Taq):anti-Z(Taq) complex is formed with a dissociation constant K(d)=0.1 microM. We have determined the structure of the Z(Taq):anti-Z(Taq) complex as well as the free state structures of Z(Taq) and anti-Z(Taq) using NMR. Here we complement the structural data with thermodynamic studies of Z(Taq) and anti-Z(Taq) folding and complex formation. Both affibody proteins show cooperative two-state thermal denaturation at melting temperatures T(M) approximately 56 degrees C. Z(Taq):anti-Z(Taq) complex formation at 25 degrees C in 50 mM NaCl and 20 mM phosphate buffer (pH 6.4) is enthalpy driven with DeltaH degrees (bind) = -9.0 (+/-0.1) kcal mol(-1)(.) The heat capacity change DeltaC(P) degrees (,bind)=-0.43 (+/-0.01) kcal mol(-1) K(-1) is in accordance with the predominantly non-polar character of the binding surface, as judged from calculations based on changes in accessible surface areas. A further dissection of the small binding entropy at 25 degrees C (-TDeltaS degrees (bind) = -0.6 (+/-0.1) kcal mol(-1)) suggests that a favourable desolvation of non-polar surface is almost completely balanced by unfavourable conformational entropy changes and loss of rotational and translational entropy. Such effects can therefore be limiting for strong binding also when interacting protein components are stable and homogeneously folded. The combined structure and thermodynamics data suggest that protein properties are not likely to be a serious limitation for the development of engineered binding proteins based on the Z domain.

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