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Microvascular behavior and effects of sonazoid microbubbles in the cremaster muscle of rats after local administration.

Journal article
Authors Magnus Braide
Henrik Højgaard Rasmussen
Ann Albrektsson
Ulf Bagge
Published in Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Volume 25
Issue 7
Pages 883-90
ISSN 0278-4297
Publication year 2006
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Pages 883-90
Language en
Keywords Animals, Fluorocarbons, pharmacology, Male, Microbubbles, Muscle, Smooth, blood supply, drug effects, Rats, Testis
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to observe Sonazoid perfluorobutane microbubbles (GE Healthcare, Amersham, Buckinghamshire, England) in and their effects on the cremaster capillary microcirculation of rats. METHODS: Sonazoid (0.3 x 10(9) microbubbles in 0.5 mL) was observed by intravital microscopy in the cremaster muscle after retrograde administration into the femoral artery of 6 animals. Microbubble and microvessel diameters and blood flow velocities and the overall mean and SD of the 1-minute volume flow through the microscopic field were calculated from the 2 to 4 capillaries observed in the field of each animal. Fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran leakage was used to assess extravasation after microbubble passage. RESULTS: seconds, respectively, before they were released and capillary flow normalized. No microbubble size changes, damming, or coalescence of bubbles and no changes in microvessel diameter or microvascular blood flow velocities, volume flow, or perfusion heterogeneity occurred during or after the passage of the Sonazoid suspension or the vehicle. No fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran leakage was observed. CONCLUSIONS: The passage of Sonazoid bubbles at concentrations higher than those expected after intravenous administration of the Sonazoid did not durably impair microvascular perfusion, structural integrity, or macromolecular retention in the rat cremaster muscle. The duration of discrete capillary obstructions was short and in all cases comparable with that of naturally occurring leukocyte plugging.

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