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Genetic and epigenetic changes in the common 1p36 deletion in neuroblastoma tumours.

Journal article
Authors Helena Carén
Susanne Fransson
Katarina Ejeskär
Per Kogner
Tommy Martinsson
Published in British Journal of Cancer
ISSN 0007-0920
Publication year 2007
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Medical and Clinical Genetics
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6604032
Subject categories Medical and Health Sciences

Abstract

Chromosome 1p is frequently deleted in neuroblastoma (NB) tumours. The commonly deleted region has been narrowed down by loss of heterozygosity studies undertaken by different groups. Based on earlier mapping data, we have focused on a region on 1p36 (chr1: 7 765 595-11 019 814) and performed an analysis of 30 genes by exploring features such as epigenetic regulation, that is DNA methylation and histone deacetylation, mutations at the DNA level and mRNA expression. Treatment of NB cell lines with the histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A led to increased gene transcription of four of the 30 genes, ERRFI1 (MIG-6), PIK3CD, RBP7 (CRBPIV) and CASZ1, indicating that these genes could be affected by epigenetic downregulation in NBs. Two patients with nonsynonymous mutations in the PIK3CD gene were detected. One patient harboured three variations in the same exon, and p.R188W. The other patient had the variation p.M655I. In addition, synonymous variations and one variation in an intronic sequence were also found. The mRNA expression of this gene is downregulated in unfavourable, compared to favourable, NBs. One nonsynonymous mutation was also identified in the ERRFI1 gene, p.N343S, and one synonymous. None of the variations above were found in healthy control individuals. In conclusion, of the 30 genes analysed, the PIK3CD gene stands out as one of the most interesting for further studies of NB development and progression.British Journal of Cancer advance online publication, 16 October 2007; doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6604032 www.bjcancer.com.

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