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Conceptual change in the development of visual expertise

Journal article
Authors Erno Lehtinen
Andreas Gegenfurtner
Laura Helle
Roger Säljö
Published in International Journal of Educational Research
Volume 100
ISSN 0883-0355
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Education, Communication and Learning
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2020...
Keywords Expertise research, conceptual change, visual expertise, learning
Subject categories Pedagogy, Learning

Abstract

Changes in working life require knowledge, which is sometimes radically different from existing expertise. Learning based on existing knowledge is not sufficient. Some knowledge is difficult to learn because it is counterintuitive. Research on conceptual change has extensively studied this type of learning challenges while students are learning scientific and mathematical concepts. However, theories of conceptual change have not been widely applied in expertise research. This study re-analyses earlier studies on medical image diagnosing and explores how theories of conceptual change explain the findings. Unlike science learning, the knowledge needed for the medical diagnosis processes did not exclusively consist of one or a few well-defined scientific concepts, but rather involved a system of various types of knowledge and practical skills.

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