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Arctic terrestrial biodiversity status and trends: A synopsis of science supporting the CBMP State of Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report

Journal article
Authors Jason J. Taylor
James P. Lawler
Mora Aronsson
Tom Barry
Anne Bjorkman
Tom Christensen
Stephen J. Coulson
Christine Cuyler
Dorothee Ehrich
Knud Falk
Alastair Franke
Eva Fuglei
Mark A. Gillespie
Starri Heiðmarsson
Toke Høye
Liza K. Jenkins
Virve Ravolainen
Paul A. Smith
Pawel Wasowicz
Niels Martin Schmidt
Published in Ambio
Volume 49
Issue 3
Pages 833-847
ISSN 0044-7447
Publication year 2020
Published at Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Pages 833-847
Language en
Links https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-019-...
Keywords Arctic, Biodiversity monitoring, CAFF, CBMP, Focal ecosystem components, Status and trends
Subject categories Terrestrial ecology, Zoology, Botany

Abstract

This review provides a synopsis of the main findings of individual papers in the special issue Terrestrial Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing Arctic. The special issue was developed to inform the State of the Arctic Terrestrial Biodiversity Report developed by the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) of the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF), Arctic Council working group. Salient points about the status and trends of Arctic biodiversity and biodiversity monitoring are organized by taxonomic groups: (1) vegetation, (2) invertebrates, (3) mammals, and (4) birds. This is followed by a discussion about commonalities across the collection of papers, for example, that heterogeneity was a predominant pattern of change particularly when assessing global trends for Arctic terrestrial biodiversity. Finally, the need for a comprehensive, integrated, ecosystem-based monitoring program, coupled with targeted research projects deciphering causal patterns, is discussed.

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