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Healthcare, Sickness Absence, and Disability Pension Cost Trajectories in the First 5 Years After Diagnosis with Multiple Sclerosis: A Prospective Register-Based Cohort Study in Sweden.

Journal article
Authors Korinna Karampampa
Hanna Gyllensten
Fei Yang
Chantelle Murley
Emilie Friberg
Jan Hillert
Kristina Alexanderson
Published in PharmacoEconomics - open
ISSN 2509-4254
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41669-019-0150-...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Neurology, Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy, Community medicine

Abstract

The aim was to longitudinally explore the healthcare, sickness absence (SA), and disability pension (DP) cost trajectories among newly diagnosed people with multiple sclerosis (MS), and investigate whether trajectories differ by year of MS diagnosis, sociodemographics, and multi-morbidity.People with MS in Sweden, aged 25-60 years and with a new MS diagnosis in the years 2006, 2007, 2008, or 2009 (four different cohorts) were identified in nationwide registers and followed prospectively for 5 years, determining the annual, per patient, direct (inpatient and specialised outpatient healthcare, co-payments, and dispensed drugs) and indirect (SA and DP) costs. Descriptive statistics and group-based trajectories were computed.In total, 3272 people with new MS were identified. In all cohorts, direct costs increased the year after diagnosis and thereafter declined (e.g. from €8261 to €9128, and to €7953, 5 years after diagnosis, for the 2006 cohort). SA costs continuously decreased over 5 years, while DP costs increased (e.g. from €9795 to €2778 vs. from €7277 to €15,989, respectively, for the 2006 cohort). When pooling all cohorts, four trajectories of direct and indirect costs were identified. A total of 32.1% of people with MS had high direct and indirect costs, which first increased and then decreased; the contrary was seen for trajectories with low direct and indirect costs.There is heterogeneity in the development of MS costs over time after diagnosis; decreasing cost trajectories could be associated with the use of innovative MS therapies, slowing disease progression over time.

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