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Amphithallia, a genus with four-celled carpogonial branches and connecting filaments in the Corallinales (Rhodophyta)

Journal article
Authors Athanasios Athanasiadis
Published in Marine Biology Research
Volume 15
Issue 1
Pages 25
ISSN 1745-1000
Publication year 2019
Published at Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences
Pages 25
Language - English
Links doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2019.15985...
Subject categories Marine ecology

Abstract

The South African marine alga Amphithallia crassiuscula, previously subsumed in the widely reported Synarthrophyton patena, is here re-described as a distinct species and genus. Thalli grow as obligate epiphytes on Gelidium capense in the upper sublittoral zone (while S. patena grows on Ballia callitricha). Gametophytes are monoecious with four-celled carpogonial branches and sterile cells are borne on supporting cells (dioecious or hermaphroditic with two or three-celled carpogonial branches and sterile cells borne on hypogynous cells in Synarthrophyton). Postfertilization stages involve a connecting filament linking the carpogonium to several putative auxiliary cells, demonstrating a non-procarpic condition with apparent absence of a fusion cell. Gonimoblast filaments develop at the level of basal cells of carpogonial branches. Spermatangial mother cells remain either unbranched (cutting off spermatangia only) or develop dendroid (branched) filaments with terminal spermatangia (as in Synarthrophyton). Multiporate conceptacles develop straight pore canals lined by non-differentiated cells (conical canals with differentiated pore cells along the base in Synarthrophyton). The here described pre- and post-fertilization characters are new for the order Corallinales motivating the establishment of the new genus Amphithallia. © 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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