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Dampness, mould, onset and remission of adult respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis

Journal article
Authors J. Wang
M. Pindus
C. Janson
T. Sigsgaard
Jeong-Lim Kim
Mathias Holm
J. Sommar
H. Orru
T. Gislason
A. Johannessen
R. J. Bertelsen
D. Norback
Published in European Respiratory Journal
Volume 53
Issue 5
ISSN 0903-1936
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Section of Occupational and environmental medicine
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01921-2...
Keywords building-dampness, indoor dampness, floor construction, risk-factor, 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, associations, inflammation, ventilation, biomarkers, students
Subject categories Respiratory Medicine and Allergy, Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Abstract

Study question: Is dampness and indoor mould associated with onset and remission of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis among adults? Materials and methods: Associations between dampness, mould and mould odour at home and at work and respiratory health were investigated in a cohort of 11 506 adults from Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Estonia. They answered a questionnaire at baseline and 10 years later, with questions on respiratory health, home and work environment. Results: Baseline water damage, floor dampness, mould and mould odour at home were associated with onset of respiratory symptoms and asthma (OR 1.23-2.24). Dampness at home during follow-up was associated with onset of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis (OR 1.21-1.52). Dampness at work during follow-up was associated with onset of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis (OR 1.31-1.50). Combined dampness at home and at work increased the risk of onset of respiratory symptoms and rhinitis. Dampness and mould at home and at work decreased remission of respiratory symptoms and rhinitis. The answer to the question: Dampness and mould at home and at work can increase onset of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, and decrease remission.

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