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Relationship between folate concentration and expression of folate-associated genes in tissue and plasma after intraoperative administration of leucovorin in patients with colorectal cancer

Journal article
Authors Helena Taflin
Elisabeth Odin
Kristoffer Derwinger
Göran Carlsson
Bengt Gustavsson
Yvonne Wettergren
Published in Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume 82
Issue 6
Pages 987-997
ISSN 0344-5704
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Surgery
Pages 987-997
Language en
Keywords Colorectal cancer Folate Gene expression Pcft Rfc-1
Subject categories Molecular medicine (genetics and pathology)


PURPOSE: The aim of study was to investigate the relationship between folate concentration and expression of folate-associated genes in tumour, mucosa and plasma of patients with colorectal cancer, after intraoperative administration of bolus leucovorin (LV). METHODS: Eighty patients were randomized into four groups to receive 0, 60, 200, or 500 mg/m(2) LV, respectively. Tissue and plasma folate concentrations were assessed by LC-MS/MS. Gene expression of ABCC3/MRP3, FPGS, GGH, MTHFD1L, SLC46A1/PCFT, and SLC19A1/RFC-1 was determined using quantitative PCR. RESULTS: The folate concentration in tumour increased with increasing dosage of LV. Half of the patients treated with 60 mg/m(2) did not reach a level above the levels of untreated patients. A significant correlation between folate concentration in tumour and mucosa was found in untreated patients, and in the group treated with 60 mg/m(2) LV. The 5-MTHF/LV ratio correlated negatively with folate concentration in mucosa, whereas a positive correlation was found in tumour of patients who received 200 or 500 mg/m(2) LV. A positive correlation was found between folate concentration and expression of all genes, except MTHFD1L, in patients who received LV. There was a negative correlation between 5-MTHF concentration in plasma of untreated patients and expression of GGH and SLC46A1/PCFT in tumour. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate the possibility of using the individual plasma 5-MTHF/LV ratio after LV injection as a surrogate marker for tissue folate concentration. Expression of several folate-associated genes is associated with folate concentration in tissue and plasma and may become useful when predicting response to LV treatment.

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