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Person-Centred Care in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Alongside a Randomised Controlled Trial.

Journal article
Authors Laura Pirhonen
Kristian Bolin
Elisabeth Hansson-Olofsson
Andreas Fors
Inger Ekman
Karl Swedberg
Hanna Gyllensten
Published in PharmacoEconomics - open
Pages 1-10
ISSN 2509-4254
Publication year 2019
Published at University of Gothenburg Centre for person-centred care (GPCC)
Centre for Health Economics
Institute of Health and Care Sciences
Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Pages 1-10
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s41669-019-0126-...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Other Health Sciences, Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy

Abstract

Costs associated with an ACS incident are most pronounced in the acute phase but are also considerably long after the initial hospitalisation, partly due to considerable productivity losses, which constitute a substantial part of the economic burden of the disease. Studies suggest that person-centred care may improve health-related quality of life and reduce the costs associated with the disease.The aim of this study was to calculate the cost-effectiveness of a person-centred care intervention compared with usual care in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), in a Swedish setting.Primary data from a randomised controlled trial of a person-centred intervention in patients with ACS was used. The person-centred intervention involved co-creation of a health plan between the patient and healthcare professionals, based on the patient's narrative. Thereafter, goals for the recovery period were set and followed-up continuously throughout the intervention. The clinical data, collected during the randomised controlled trial, was complemented with data from national health registers and the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. The study was conducted at two hospitals situated in a Swedish municipality. Patients were enrolled between June 2011 and February 2014 (192 patients were included in this study; 89 in the intervention group and 103 in the control group). Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were calculated separately for the age groups < 65 years and ≥ 65 years in order to account for the age of retirement in Sweden. The cost-effectiveness ratios were calculated using health-related quality of life (EQ-5D) and costs associated with healthcare and pharmaceutical utilisation, and productivity losses.Treatment effects and costs differed between those below and those above the age of 65 years. The base-case calculations showed that person-centred care was more effective and less costly compared with usual care for patients under 65 years of age, while usual care was more effective and less costly in the older age group. Probabilistic sensitivity analyses resulted in a 90% likelihood that person-centred care is cost-effective compared with usual care for patients with ACS under the age of 65 years.Person-centred care was found to be cost-effective compared with usual care for patients with acute coronary syndrome under the age of 65 years. This clinical trial is registered at Researchweb (ID 65791).

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