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Addressing integration challenges in coastal and marine spatial planning using the Open Standards approach – experiences from Sweden.

Conference contribution
Authors Andrea Morf
Neva Leposa
Helena Strand
Published in ICES Annual Science Conference (ASC 2018), Session C: Assessing and analysing marine spatial planning - knowledge - indicators – visions
Place of publication Hamburg
Publication year 2018
Published at University Administration
Swedish Institute for the Marine Environment
Language en
Keywords Marine Spatial Planning, MSP, Integrated Coastal Management, ICZM, ecosystem based management, Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation, method test, participation, integration
Subject categories Water in nature and society, Comprehensive planning, Social Sciences Interdisciplinary, Human Geography, Public Administration Studies

Abstract

This presentation reports results from the BONUS financed project BaltSapce and explores how and to what extent the approach of the Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation (OS) (http://cmp-openstandards.org/) could support coastal and marine spatial planning in addressing important integration challenges, i.e. how to include stakeholders and different types of knowledge and link across sectors and policy areas and different boundaries. Our research is part of a broader analysis of integrative tools and approaches within the BONUS project BALTSPACE; it is based on literature and document analysis, 15 interviews with key informants holding various roles in recent OS-supported coastal planning and management processes in Sweden, and on a discussion workshop and direct contacts with the above experts and further OS-facilitators and planners. We find that the OS indeed can help working on complex planning problems with uncertainties and value differences and address the above challenges, especially if used in combination with broad participation. The conceptual model underlying the OS can help planners to more systematically think goal and evaluation oriented, creating a base for learning within and across planning processes. The OS are most easily applicable for marine and coastal planning, which aim to incorporate adaptive management and work with an ecosystem perspective (especially green-blue areas, habitats and living resources) or for integrated planning and management aiming to use the CBD-Ecosystem Approach (https://www.cbd.int/ecosystem/). However, an initial effort is needed in terms of time, resources, method training and capacity building. Moreover, all affected parts with a mandate have to be on board and ready to give an effort. We end discussing the potentials and needs to develop the field of integrative marine and coastal management knowledge and practice further in terms of standards, definitions, training, and community of practice, using the type of practice and community developed around the OS for the practice of conservation as an inspiration.

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