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Increased risk of ACL revision with non-surgical treatment of a concomitant medial collateral ligament injury: a study on 19,457 patients from the Swedish National Knee Ligament Registry.

Journal article
Authors Eleonor Svantesson
Eric Hamrin Senorski
Eduard Alentorn-Geli
Olof Westin
David Sundemo
Alberto Grassi
Svemir Čustović
Kristian Samuelsson
Published in Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA
Volume 27
Issue 8
Pages 2450-2459
ISSN 1433-7347
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Orthopaedics
Pages 2450-2459
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00167-018-5237-...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Clinical Medicine, Orthopedics

Abstract

To determine how concomitant medial collateral ligament (MCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) injuries affect outcome after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.Patients aged > 15 years who were registered in the Swedish National Knee Ligament Registry for primary ACL reconstruction between 2005 and 2016 were eligible for inclusion. Patients with a concomitant MCL or LCL injury were stratified according to collateral ligament treatment (non-surgical, repair or reconstruction), and one isolated ACL reconstruction group was created. The outcomes were ACL revision and the 2-year Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), which were analyzed using univariable and multivariable Cox regression and an analysis of covariance, respectively.A total of 19,457 patients (mean age 27.9 years, 59.4% males) met the inclusion criteria. An isolated ACL reconstruction implied a lower risk of ACL revision compared with presence of a non-surgically treated MCL injury (HR = 0.61 [95% CI 0.41-0.89], p = 0.0097) but not compared with MCL repair or reconstruction. A concomitant LCL injury did not impact the risk of ACL revision. Patients with a concomitant MCL or LCL injury reported inferior 2-year KOOS compared with isolated ACL reconstruction. The largest difference was found in the sports and recreation subscale across all groups, with MCL reconstruction resulting in the maximum difference (14.1 points [95% CI 4.3-23.9], p = 0.005).Non-surgical treatment of a concomitant MCL injury in the setting of an ACL reconstruction may increase the risk of ACL revision. However, surgical treatment of the MCL injury was associated with a worse two-year patient-reported knee function. A concomitant LCL injury does not impact the risk of ACL revision compared with an isolated ACL reconstruction.Cohort study, Level III.

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