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Early prediction of falls after stroke: a 12-month follow-up of 490 patients in The Fall Study of Gothenburg (FallsGOT).

Journal article
Authors Carina M Samuelsson
Per-Olof Hansson
Carina Ulla Persson
Published in Clinical Rehabilitation
Volume 33
Issue 4
Pages 773-783
ISSN 1477-0873
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Department of Clinical Neuroscience
Institute of Medicine, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine
Pages 773-783
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215518819701
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Neuroscience

Abstract

To identify the incidence of falls and factors present shortly after stroke, which are associated with the occurrence of falls over the first 12 months after stroke onset, following discharge from inpatient rehabilitation.Prospective follow-up study.Stroke unit and outpatient department.A total of 490 individuals with acute stroke.Postural control was assessed using the Swedish modified version of the Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients. Data on self-reported falls were collected using a standardized questionnaire at three months after discharge and six and 12 months after stroke onset. Associations between characteristics during the acute phase after a stroke and falls after six and 12 months were investigated using univariable and multivariable regression analyses.The endpoint was a self-reported fall.Within three months after discharge, 38 of 165 respondents (23%) had experienced at least one fall. Within six and 12 months after stroke onset, respectively, 108 of 376 (29%) and 140 of 348 (40%) of the respondents had experienced at least one fall. Poor postural control (odds ratio 3.92, 95% confidence interval 2.07-7.45, P < 0.0001) and using a walking aid (odds ratio 2.84, 95% confidence interval 1.71-4.72, P < 0.0001) were predictors of falls after discharge within 12 months after stroke onset. The same variables were independent predictors of falls within six months.Poor postural control and using a walking aid in the acute phase after a stroke are associated with falls after discharge from a stroke unit within 12 months after stroke onset.

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