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Cortical and trabecular bone microarchitecture as an independent predictor of incident fracture risk in older women and men in the Bone Microarchitecture International Consortium (BoMIC): a prospective study.

Journal article
Authors Elizabeth J Samelson
Kerry E Broe
Hanfei Xu
Laiji Yang
Steven Boyd
Emmanuel Biver
Pawel Szulc
Jonathan Adachi
Shreyasee Amin
Elizabeth Atkinson
Claudie Berger
Lauren Burt
Roland Chapurlat
Thierry Chevalley
Serge Ferrari
David Goltzman
David A Hanley
Marian T Hannan
Sundeep Khosla
Ching-Ti Liu
Mattias Lorentzon
Dan Mellström
Blandine Merle
Maria Nethander
René Rizzoli
Elisabeth Sornay-Rendu
Bert Van Rietbergen
Daniel Sundh
Andy Kin On Wong
Claes Ohlsson
Serkalem Demissie
Douglas P Kiel
Mary L Bouxsein
Published in The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology
Volume 7
Issue 1
Pages 34-43
ISSN 2213-8595
Publication year 2018
Published at Core Facilities, Bioinformatics
Centre for Bone and Arthritis Research
Institute of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine and Clinical Nutrition
Pages 34-43
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Endocrinology

Abstract

Although areal bone mineral density (aBMD) assessed by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the clinical standard for determining fracture risk, most older adults who sustain a fracture have T scores greater than -2·5 and thus do not meet the clinical criteria for osteoporosis. Importantly, bone fragility is due to low BMD and deterioration in bone structure. We assessed whether indices of high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT (HR-pQCT) were associated with fracture risk independently of femoral neck aBMD and the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) score.We assessed participants in eight cohorts from the USA (Framingham, Mayo Clinic), France (QUALYOR, STRAMBO, OFELY), Switzerland (GERICO), Canada (CaMos), and Sweden (MrOS). We used Cox proportional hazard ratios (HRs) to estimate the association between HR-pQCT bone indices (per 1 SD of deficit) and incident fracture, adjusting for age, sex, height, weight, and cohort, and then additionally for femoral neck DXA aBMD or FRAX.7254 individuals (66% women and 34% men) were assessed. Mean baseline age was 69 years (SD 9, range 40-96). Over a mean follow-up of 4·63 years (SD 2·41) years, 765 (11%) participants had incident fractures, of whom 633 (86%) had femoral neck T scores greater than -2·5. After adjustment for age, sex, cohort, height, and weight, peripheral skeleton failure load had the greatest association with risk of fracture: tibia HR 2·40 (95% CI 1·98-2·91) and radius 2·13 (1·77-2·56) per 1 SD decrease. HRs for other bone indices ranged from 1·12 (95% CI 1·03-1·23) per 1 SD increase in tibia cortical porosity to 1·58 (1·45-1·72) per 1 SD decrease in radius trabecular volumetric bone density. After further adjustment for femoral neck aBMD or FRAX score, the associations were reduced but remained significant for most bone parameters. A model including cortical volumetric bone density, trabecular number, and trabecular thickness at the distal radius and a model including these indices plus cortical area at the tibia were the best predictors of fracture.HR-pQCT indices and failure load improved prediction of fracture beyond femoral neck aBMD or FRAX scores alone. Our findings from a large international cohort of men and women support previous reports that deficits in trabecular and cortical bone density and structure independently contribute to fracture risk. These measurements and morphological assessment of the peripheral skeleton might improve identification of people at the highest risk of fracture.National Institutes of Health National Institute of Arthritis Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.

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