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Variability in the Diagnosis of Surgical Site Infections After Full-Thickness Skin Grafting: An International Survey.

Journal article
Authors Johan Palmgren
John Paoli
Artur Schmidtchen
Karim Saleh
Published in The British Journal of Dermatology
Volume 180
Issue 5
Pages 1169-1175
ISSN 1365-2133
Publication year 2019
Published at Institute of Clinical Sciences, Department of Dermatology and Venereology
Pages 1169-1175
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1111/bjd.17517
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.f...
Subject categories Dermatology and Venereal Diseases

Abstract

Diagnosis of a surgical site infection (SSI) in dermatologic surgery can be entirely based on a subjective assessment according to the 4th criterion of the most common definition of an SSI, which was established by the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC).To investigate the interobserver agreement between dermatologists in their diagnosis of SSI of dermatosurgical wounds.An international electronic photographic survey with eight photographs of wounds 1 week after full-thickness skin grafting (FTSG) was sent to dermatologists. All wounds were assessed in terms of visual criteria beforehand. Data collected from respondents included physician characteristics and experience, and SSI assessments of all wounds.A total of 393 dermatologists from 27 countries enrolled. Most respondents were from the United States (25%), followed by Sweden (24%) and the United Kingdom (13%). There was only a slight interobserver agreement on SSI suspicion (κ = 0·19). SSI suspicion was lower for male physicians (P = 0·03), board-certified dermatologists (P = 0·001), physicians regularly assessing surgical wounds (P = 0·03), and physicians performing FTSG (P < 0·001). Swedish physicians diagnosed more SSIs than US physicians (P = 0·002). Erythema was more common in cases with higher SSI suspicion.This study reveals a broad inter-rater variability in the diagnosis of SSI, illustrating the need for novel objective diagnostic methods that can better capture the variables that constitute an SSI. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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