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Loss of Sarcomeric Scaffolding as a Common Baseline Histopathologic Lesion in Titin-Related Myopathies

Journal article
Authors R. Ávila-Polo
E. Malfatti
X. Lornage
C. Cheraud
I. Nelson
J. Nectoux
J. Böhm
R. Schneider
Carola Oldfors Hedberg
B. Eymard
S. Monges
F. Lubieniecki
G. Brochier
M. Thao Bui
A. Madelaine
C. Labasse
M. Beuvin
E. Lacène
A. Boland
J. F. Deleuze
J. Thompson
I. Richard
A. L. Taratuto
B. Udd
F. Leturcq
G. Bonne
Anders Oldfors
J. Laporte
N. B. Romero
Published in Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology
Volume 77
Issue 12
Pages 1101-1114
ISSN 1554-6578
Publication year 2018
Published at Institute of Biomedicine, Department of Pathology
Pages 1101-1114
Language en
Links dx.doi.org/10.1093/jnen/nly095
Subject categories Pathology

Abstract

Titin-related myopathies are heterogeneous clinical conditions associated with mutations in TTN. To define their histopathologic boundaries and try to overcome the difficulty in assessing the pathogenic role of TTN variants, we performed a thorough morphological skeletal muscle analysis including light and electron microscopy in 23 patients with different clinical phenotypes presenting pathogenic autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive (AR) mutations located in different TTN domains. We identified a consistent pattern characterized by diverse defects in oxidative staining with prominent nuclear internalization in congenital phenotypes (AR-CM) (n = 10), ± necrotic/regenerative fibers, associated with endomysial fibrosis and rimmed vacuoles (RVs) in AR early-onset Emery-Dreifuss-like (AR-ED) (n = 4) and AR adult-onset distal myopathies (n = 4), and cytoplasmic bodies (CBs) as predominant finding in hereditary myopathy with early respiratory failure (HMERF) patients (n = 5). Ultrastructurally, the most significant abnormalities, particularly in AR-CM, were multiple narrow core lesions and/or clear small areas of disorganizations affecting one or a few sarcomeres with M-band and sometimes A-band disruption and loss of thick filaments. CBs were noted in some AR-CM and associated with RVs in HMERF and some AR-ED cases. As a whole, we described recognizable histopathological patterns and structural alterations that could point toward considering the pathogenicity of TTN mutations.

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